The Retail Energy Code (or REC) is a set of obligations governing
market participants operating in the retail energy market within Great Britain.
In 2017, Ofgem consulted on proposals to introduce a new
dual-fuel code which would contain transitional rules for the
implementation of the Faster, More Reliable Switching Programme.
In 2018, Ofgem confirmed its intention to introduce the REC and
brought forward licence changes to require Suppliers to accede. Ofgem
then consulted on the next level of detail for the REC, including the
iterative approach to the designation of several versions of the REC
over a period of time.
Later that year, Ofgem extended obligations to accede to the REC
to Distribution Network Operators and the Data Communications
Company, and published working drafts of enduring REC provisions.
In February 2019, Ofgem designated REC V1.0. This introduced the
boilerplate document and transitional requirements for the REC. It was
the enabler for the design of new Customer Switching systems, placing
obligations on industry parties to cooperate in design, build and test phases.
In January 2020, Ofgem designated REC V1.1 to support code
mobilisation activities and enact schedules around Change
Management and Performance Assurance.
On 01 September 2021, Ofgem designated REC V2.0. At this point,
the full REC arrangements and Code
Manager services were switched on. This included the establishment
of new REC
Committees, the launch of the Change Management processes, and the
deployment of the REC Portal.
On 18 July 2022, the Code Manager implemented REC V3.0.0. This
was a significant iteration of the REC, which facilitated core
aspects of Ofgem's Switching Programme. This included the
introduction of eight new REC
Schedules and 22 additional REC documents, as well as many other
amendments. A full list of changes can be accessed in the Release Plan on the REC Portal.
In addition to supporting the Switching Programme objectives, the
establishment of the REC achieved a secondary aim of Retail Code
Consolidation. The REC replaced previous industry code arrangements
including the MRA, SPAA, MOCoPA, MAMCoP, SMICoP and ASPCoP,
with the objective of providing a more streamlined set of market
obligations and arrangements.
Main article: REC Parties
The following categories of organisations are required to accede
to the REC:
- Electricity Suppliers
- Gas Suppliers
- Electricity Distribution Network Operators
Independent Distribution Network Operators
- Indepedent Gas Transporters
- Data Communications Company
Energy Code Company
The REC consists of distinct products, each of which is detailed
in the REC
Baseline Statement. Changes to REC Products are governed by the
Change Management process.
The primary obligations are set out within the REC
Main Body. A number of REC
Schedules set out further requirements across specific areas of
Further Operational Documents relate to metering arrangements and
defined Terms of Reference for certain REC Committees. Service
Definitions and Data Specifications govern how certain REC Services
Further documents are categorised as Category
3 Products, including non-mandatory guidance documents, user
guides and operational templates. These products are governed by the
Category 3 Change Process.
There are a number of services which underpin the processes
defined within the REC. These include the REC Portal, EMAR, Electricity
Enquiry Service, and the Green
Deal Central Charge database.
page: Retail Energy Code Company (RECCo)
The Retail Energy Code Company is the organisation that oversees
the strategic direction of the REC, and manages contractual
relationships with REC Service Providers.
The REC Code Manager is the organisation responsible for the
end-to-end delivery of all code processes, including Change
Management, Party Management, and Performance Assurance.